Reuters | Jun 04, 2020 12:00
By Stephanie Nebehay
GENEVA, June 4 (Reuters) - Tens of thousands of people in
the Philippines may have been killed in the war on drugs since
mid-2016, amid "near impunity" for police and incitement to
violence by top officials, the United Nations said on Thursday.
The drugs crackdown, launched by President Rodrigo Duterte
after winning election on a platform of crushing crime, has been
marked by police orders and high-level rhetoric that may have
been interpreted as "permission to kill," it said.
Police, who do not need search or arrest warrants to conduct
house raids, systematically force suspects to make
self-incriminating statements or risk facing lethal force, the
U.N. human rights office said in a report.
There has been only one conviction, for the 2017 murder of
Kian delos Santos, a 17-year-old Manila student, it said. Three
police officers were convicted after CCTV footage led to public
outrage, it said.
"Despite credible allegations of widespread and systematic
extrajudicial killings in the context of the campaign against
illegal drugs, there has been near impunity for such
violations," the report said.
Police say their actions in the anti-drug campaign have been
lawful and that deaths occur in shootouts with dealers resisting
The report said that some statements from the highest levels
of government had "risen to the level of incitement to violence"
and "vilification of dissent is being increasingly
"The human rights situation in the Philippines is marked by
an overarching focus on public order and national security,
including countering terrorism and illegal drugs," it said.
But this was "often at the expense of human rights, due
process rights, the rule of law and accountability."
"The Government has also increasingly filed criminal
charges, including by using COVID-19 special powers laws,
against social media users posting content critical of
Government policies and actions," the report added.
It will be presented to the U.N. Human Rights Council later
Lawyers and activists raised the alarm this week over a new
anti-terrorism bill pushed by Duterte, warning of draconian and
arbitrary provisions that could be abused to target his
Most victims in the drug war are young poor urban males, the
U.N. report said. Their relatives described "numerous obstacles
in documenting cases and pursuing justice."
"The most conservative figure, based on Government data,
suggests that since July 2016, 8,663 people have been killed –
with other estimates of up to triple that number," it said.
The U.N. cited reports of widespread drug-related killings
perpetrated by unidentified “vigilantes” and a Philippine
government report in 2017 that referred to 16,355 “homicide
cases under investigations” as accomplishments in the drugs war.
A 2016 police circular launching the campaign uses the terms
“negation” and “neutralization” of “drug personalities,” it
said, calling for its repeal.
"Such ill-defined and ominous language, coupled with
repeated verbal encouragement by the highest level of State
officials to use lethal force, may have emboldened police to
treat the circular as permission to kill," it said.
Government figures show that 223,780 “drug personalities”
were arrested from mid-July 2016 through 2019, but unclear
charges and irregularities in due process raise concerns that
"many of these cases may amount to arbitrary detentions."
At least 248 land and environmental rights activists,
lawyers, journalists and trade unionists were killed from 2015
to 2019, the report said. So-called red-tagging, or labelling
people and groups as communists or terrorists, had become rife.
Written By: Reuters
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